The paths of the Inca or the Inca Trail is the name that is given to the extensive paths that were made during the Inca Empire for use of the servants of the Incas. The paths converge in the city of Cusco and where used by the conquerors to get to Bolivia, Chile and the pampas of the Argentinian mountain ranges.
During the era of the Incas all of the paths in South America led to Cusco (that in Quechua means “the navel of the world”), the most important pre-Columbian metropolis in South America with a thousand-year-old cultural tradition. Most of the paths were inherited by the pre-Inca cultures of Peru, Ecuador, Chile and part of Bolivia. The paths of the Inca were used with more frequency by the messengers, the “chasquis”. Some of them are still used, others have been replaced or abandoned.
In Cusco it’s one of the archeological milestones of the history of the world and even the ordinary paths are majestic. Cusco was named the archeological capital of South America thanks to the condition of a big pre-Incan city. In Cusco over every Incan construction there is a Spanish building and together they unite into centuries of civilization.
During the year thousands of travelers from all over the world takes on the Inca Trail from Cusco to access the Peruvian jungle and the thousand-year-old mysteries that still live in the stones of Machu Picchu.
Along the path there are several ruins of fortresses in a relatively good condition from where you can see all the valleys.
The tour begins in the village of Cori-huayra-china (quechua: Quri Wayrachina “where the gold is aired” at kilometer 88 on the railway Cusco-Hydroelectric and it takes about three to four days to get to Machu Picchu. On the journey that crosses an impressive incline with varying climates and ecosystems from the highlands to the cloud forest, we need to pass two high passes (the highest is Huarmihuañusca at 4200 meters above sea level, also known as “Dead woman’s pass”) and finish with the entrance to Machu Picchu through the Inti Puncu or “sun gate”.
During the trek we see various settlements of carved granite (Huiñay Huayna, Puyupatamarca) and immense natural sceneries.
As an ideal complement the tourist also finds lush nature with unique landscapes and hundreds of orchid species and colorful birds.
The climate in the area of the Inca Trail is mostly warm year-round. The best time to do the trek is during the dry season (April to October). June is the coldest month and August has the warmest and most stable climate. From November to March there are frequent rain and the path can become dangerous and slippery.
During the trek the first two days are dry and the last two are humid, during the nights the first two days it’s usually pretty cold while the last campsite is warm.
Use trekking boots.
Drink lots of liquids
Bring a rain coat
To come in this fabulous trek its needed to do it with a credited agency, Peru Luxury Travel by Raptravel has the best team to do it, having not just the experience but passioned people to do it, come to enjoy the nature in a very unique way.